Anyone who loves to take care of the skin and body knows how relaxing and beneficial to health a sauna or steam bath session can be. This is because, in addition to opening the pores, the intense heat helps to detoxify many impurities of the skin. Having one in your bathroom is a real luxury, but that doesn’t mean that you need to break the bank in order to install one. There are many ways on how you can build one and enjoy a mini spa, apply a mask or hair on your face or even draw inspiration from the famous spas all over the world, even on very little budget! Interested? Then read on:
The dry version is characterized by a very high temperature (90 to 110 ° C) in a very dry atmosphere. This form is very popular and ideal if you want a feeling of intense heat. The heating is done with burning of the firewood or electric ovens. The advantage here is that this type does not generate moisture, but those interested should invest in an oven, a control panel and the insulation with glass wool or styrofoam. The wet version has a temperature between 70 and 90 ° C with a relative humidity of 10% to 25%. The system works with hot stones in contact with water to generate steam. The steam version is a very gentle alternative to traditional ones, with a temperature that can vary between 45 and 65 ° C and constant humidity between 40% to 65%. In this case, it is possible for people of all ages, including children and seniors to enjoy the benefits. Scented oils diluted with water complete the relaxation. However, it is safe to say that this type is also more expensive compared to the dry, for example, since the person interested in this structure should also invest in a heat source (which should produce electric or gas steam), a (If you wish to automate the system), thermal insulation (made with vermiculite) and the installation of drains and drains.
The dimensions of the prefabricated types range from 1.20 x 1.20m x 2.50m to 3m. The external height is usually 2m. If you want to lie down, choose a cabin that is at least 2m wide. Saunas for up to 4 people are preferably 1,50 m x 2 m x 2,20 m; for up to 6 people should be around 2m x 2m x 2.20m; and, a 9 people bath should be around 2m x 3m x 2.20m.
Consumption depends on the size of each room, and can range from 2 to 20 KW for larger cabins. Generally, it is estimated that 1.3 kW will be consumed per heating per cubic meter of a standard sauna, but it pays attention to the shape and material chosen for each, since large glass areas require an even greater energy expenditure. For example, a 2 x 2m cabin requires 6 KW heat, but some have shown that some of the sauna heat is recycled at home. Another tip to economize is to install the sauna against an outside wall, leaving a space for air insulation between one wall and another—this tip can generate a saving of 500 KW per year!
Building a sauna is much more complicated than you might imagine. The cabin must withstand both dry heat (greater than 90 ° C with a moisture content of less than 20% humidity) and the wet bath, defined by a temperature of 50 ° C and a moisture content of 60%. These conditions are very hard for wood, so one should choose wood species with excellent resistance to high heat and humidity. Manufacturers generally use the following species of wood: For walls and ceilings panels of approximately 15 mm wide are spruce wood (the main material), cedar, hemlock, pine or mahogany; For the furniture and interior lining (floor, benches, dressing room, backrest and arms), on the other hand, aspen and abachi woods are generally chosen; For everything that is not in sight, offset ecological wood. In addition to roofing panels and wooden furniture both internally and externally, it should also be equipped with thermal insulation glass wool, creating an aluminum vapor barrier (this prevents moisture from coming into contact with wool). Glass and deformation) and a very thick smoked glass door. Of course, always consult with an architect or bathroom designers to get the best results!