Roof design ideas, inspiration & pictures

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A roof, the highest part of a house, catches the brunt of wind forces, heavy rain, and harsh heat of the sun. These helmets for houses need to be strong, as they need to stay on the house and not cause other parts of a house to fail. Without a good solid roof, your interior and framing could be damaged. A sturdy roof also provides protection from animals and pesky intruders. In addition, it provides an added curb appeal to your home. Having the roof as one of the most important aspects of your house, it is of the essence to find the right type of material and roofing type to withstand the harshest elements. Here’s a helpful guide to consider before installing or replacing your house’s roof.

1. Types of roofing materials

When it comes to choosing a new roof, a huge consideration to be well thought about is choosing the right material. Factors like the durability and lifespan, as well as the costing and green factor are essential aspects to be concerned about.

Asphalt shingles are very popular due to its low cost, ease of installation, and resiliency. Unfortunately, asphalt shingles have a low insulative value and a shorter lifespan with more or less 20 years than many other roofing materials available today. They are also made from petroleum products and are not usually recyclable because of the layer of fiberglass added to the shingles. Standard asphalt shingles come in a variety of colors, longevity options, and price points and are always going to be your cheapest option for your roof. One square can be as low as P2,500-P5,000.

Wood shingles and shakes can be purchased in cedar, redwood, and other woods, cedar being the most costly. Wood shingles are cut by machine, while wood shakes are handmade and have a rougher look. Moreover, wood shingles can last up to 50 years with proper high maintenance.

A great alternative to wood shingles and shakes are recycled synthetic shingles, which are made from plastic or rubber, mixed with recycled wood and are shaped to mimic wood shakes. They are lightweight, UV-resistant, fire-resistant, and long lasting. Some are comparable in lifespan to 50-year asphalt shingles. Though they generally cannot be recycled, due to their inseparable mixture of biological and plastic content, recycled synthetic shingles are still a greener material than real cedar shakes.

Clay tiles are very heavy, requiring additional roof framing, but they are non-combustible and extremely durable. Clay roofing tiles can come in lighter colors, which adhere to the cool roof standards and can reflect well over 50% of the sun's solar energy. Concrete roofing tiles offer elegant, enduring aesthetics for your home's design and added value. Plus, concrete tiles are very versatile and provide greater protection to the homeowner.

Metal roofs are top choices for any Filipino homeowner. These roofs are some of the coolest roofs around, both in temperature and style for new homes. Metal roofs are available in copper, aluminum, and stainless steel, and often have a high percentage of recycled content. They offer high insulation solar reflectance, and durability, often lasting twice as long as wood or asphalt. Metal shingles typically simulate traditional roof coverings, such as wood shakes, shingles, slate and tile. Aside from its longevity, metal shingles are much lighter than most materials and very resistance to adverse weather.

2. Various roof types to consider

Roofing systems vary depending on the materials used and way of installing the roof. Whatever type of roofing you choose, consider the many benefits it will provide to protect your home.

A built-up roof is a type of flat roof that consists of a base sheet, fabric reinforcement layers, and usually a dark protective surface layer. Modified bitumen sheet membranes have one or more layers of plastic or rubber material with reinforcing fabrics, and are surfaced with mineral granules or a smooth finish. These can also be used to surface a built-up roof—known as a hybrid roof.

Gable roof structures easily shed water which make them great for areas with heavy rainfall. The steep pitch of gable roofs allows for excellent water drainage and fewer leaks. They also allow for more ventilation, and provide more space for an attic or vaulted ceilings.

Spray polyurethane foam roofs are constructed by mixing two liquid chemicals together that react and expand to form one solid piece that adheres to the roof. Foams are highly susceptible to mechanical, moisture, and UV damage, and rely on a protective coating.

Steep sloped roofs are shingle roofs that consist of overlapping panels made from a variety of materials such as fiberglass asphalt, wood, polymers, or metals. Tile roofs can be made of clay, slate, or concrete. Tiles can be glazed to provide waterproofing or coated to provide customized colors and surface properties.

You may also consider installing a green roof. Green roofs are ideal for urban buildings with flat or shallow-pit roofs, and can include anything from basic plant cover to a garden. The primary reasons for using this type of roof include managing stormwater and enjoying a rooftop open space.

Green roofs also provide insulation, lower the need for heating and cooling, and can reduce the urban heat island effect. This roof type can be much more expensive to implement than other efficient roof options, so you should carefully assess your property and consult a professional before deciding to install a green roof.

3. Color choices for your roof

Picking a color scheme for your roofing materials is not always easy. Whether installing metal, slate or asphalt shingles, there are many choices; and for each shingle color choice available, there are a multitude of shades and color combinations. Remember, you have to live with your roof for the next 20 to 30 years, so choose wisely! Here are some things to consider when choosing the color of your roof.

When choosing a roofing color, remember that paint and shutter colors can always be changed, but bricks are permanent. Start by comparing sample shingle colors to the brick, then move to the siding or paint colors.

If you are planning to make a change to the outside color of your home, compare the new paint color to the shingle or roofing samples. Go to the local hardware store, buy a 2-by-6-foot board and paint it the new color. Put the board next to the roof materials you're considering and next to the permanent colors on your home.

Additionally, if the rest of your home is busy like having multicolor brick, stone facades, or multiple paint colors, you will want to choose a toned-down shingle color. Too many patterns and colors overwhelm the eyes. However, if your home has a monotone feel to it, a vivid color can add tremendous curb appeal.

4. An energy saving idea for your home and its benefits

A cool roof is one that has been designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than a standard roof. Cool roofs can be made of a highly reflective type of paint, a sheet covering, or highly reflective tiles or shingles. Nearly any type of building can benefit from a cool roof, but consider the climate and other factors before deciding to install one. Standard or dark roofs can reach temperatures of 66°C or more in the summer sun; but with a cool roof under the same conditions, it could stay more than 10°C cooler and save energy and money by using less air conditioning.

A cool roof can benefit a building and its occupants by reducing energy bills by decreasing air conditioning needs. It also improves indoor comfort for spaces that are not air conditioned, such as garages or covered patios. Of course, it decreases roof temperature, which may extend roof service life.

Beyond the building itself, cool roofs also benefit the environment, especially when many buildings in a community have them. Cool roofs can reduce local air temperatures, lower peak electricity demand, which can help prevent power outages, and even reduce power plant emissions by reducing cooling energy use in buildings. The benefits are endless with this groundbreaking concept of energy saving roofs.