A hipped roof (or hip roof) consists of four sloped roofs (also called skirts) that are in edges. Two of these sides cover the front and back of the house and the other two, the sides. The upper crown file is the ridge, while the lower ends that protrude from the façade (to keep the water out of the house) are the eaves. Although the gable roof is more common in the Philippines, a lot of homes in the country utilize this type of roof, especially in hurricane-prone areas.
The roof is one of the most important parts of the house. It serves as a protection from weather, animals and other dangers. And, when we think of the roof in the Philippines, we would imagine it as either a gable roof or a hip roof, which are two of the most common types in the country. Both roofs are aesthetically pleasing, but most of the time, the other is a better for your family. To know if the hip roof is for you, you must first determine the location of your house. Is it in a typhoon or hurricane-prone area? Another fundamental aspect to consider is the budget allocated to the project since a roof composed of more sides will be more expensive than other types such a gable, flat, or lean-to roof.
One of the biggest advantages of the hip roof for the Philippines is that it is able to protect your home from rains, which is common in the country. It is especially recommended for homes located in rainy or mountainous areas such as Baguio and Antipolo. The design of a roof also offers advantages in the very windy places. Strong winds tend to flow above the roof. To increase its resistance to the winds the arms of the beams and a system of collar must be incorporated. The arms of the beams secure the four-piece beams in the lower joists of the roof. . The same happens with the excessive sun: the house will be protected evenly from all sides. Due to the complexity of the design, the great disadvantage is its cost, which is usually higher than any type of roof. Another unfavorable point is that, because of its inclination, the sides of the home cannot used as a terrace.
The modern construction of this type of roof uses common slope coefficients. The most traditional ratios of inclination are between 4: 12-6: 12 (10:30; 15:30), although there are variations counting factors such as snow, rain and extreme conditions of wind. A steeper slope allows less accumulation rain and a lower ratio gives less wind resistance. Architectural preferences also account for the personal tastes of future dwellers in a four-storey house: slope variations will have to do with the aesthetic design required and the ornamental elements they incorporate such as dormers and fireplaces.
As for its structure in general, they are supported by a system of beams that distribute the load of the roof towards the vertical structure of the house. They are usually made of steel, concrete, or wood. As far as roofing is concerned, this type of roof offers different options: the traditional ceramic tile, the slate stone, which with its smooth and flat appearance goes very well in this type of roof. The most modern options include zinc, aluminum, or titanium.
Building a four-water roof is not suitable for anyone because it has a greater complexity than other roofs. Recruitment of specialized roofers and professional labor is recommended. The guide of an architect is fundamental to make calculations and measurements of size, inclination, composition and structure. It must begin with the construction of four water beams and a main beam. If the roof is at the top of a square design, a main beam is not necessary as all sides will be joined at one point at the top. At the top of a rectangle there will be a main beam going parallel to the two larger sides. The shape and size of the desired roof sections should be printed on paper before beginning construction.