A hipped roof (or hip roof) consists of four sloped roofs (also called
skirts) that are in edges. Two of these sides cover the front and
back of the house and the other two, the sides. The upper crown file
is the ridge, while the lower ends that protrude from the façade (to
keep the water out of the house) are the eaves. Although the gable
roof is more common in the Philippines, a lot of homes in the country
utilize this type of roof, especially in hurricane-prone areas.
choose a hip roof over another?
The roof is one of the most important parts of the house. It serves as a
protection from weather, animals and other dangers. And, when we
think of the roof in the Philippines, we would imagine it as either a
gable roof or a hip roof, which are two of the most common types in
the country. Both roofs are aesthetically pleasing, but most of the
time, the other is a better for your family. To know if the hip roof
is for you, you must first determine the location of your house. Is
it in a typhoon or hurricane-prone area? Another fundamental aspect
to consider is the budget allocated to the project since a roof
composed of more sides will be more expensive than other types such a
gable, flat, or lean-to roof.
are the advantages and disadvantages of this type of roof?
of the biggest advantages of the hip roof for the Philippines is that
it is able to protect your home from rains, which is common in the
country. It is especially recommended for homes located in rainy or
mountainous areas such as Baguio and Antipolo. The design of a roof
also offers advantages in the very windy places. Strong winds tend to
flow above the roof. To increase its resistance to the winds the arms
of the beams and a system of collar must be incorporated. The arms of
the beams secure the four-piece beams in the lower joists of the
roof. . The same happens with the excessive sun: the house will be
protected evenly from all sides. Due to the complexity of the design,
the great disadvantage is its cost, which is usually higher than any
type of roof. Another unfavorable point is that, because of its
inclination, the sides of the home cannot used as a terrace.
is the common slope on a four-way roof?
modern construction of this type of roof uses common slope
coefficients. The most traditional ratios of inclination are between
4: 12-6: 12 (10:30; 15:30), although there are variations counting
factors such as snow, rain and extreme conditions of wind. A steeper
slope allows less accumulation rain and a lower ratio gives less wind
resistance. Architectural preferences also account for the personal
tastes of future dwellers in a four-storey house: slope variations
will have to do with the aesthetic design required and the ornamental
elements they incorporate such as dormers and fireplaces.
are the materials with which you can build a roof in four waters?
for its structure in general, they are supported by a system of beams
that distribute the load of the roof towards the vertical structure
of the house. They are usually made of steel, concrete, or wood. As
far as roofing is concerned, this type of roof offers different
options: the traditional ceramic tile, the slate stone, which with
its smooth and flat appearance goes very well in this type of roof.
The most modern options include zinc, aluminum, or titanium.
to build the perfect hip roof?
a four-water roof is not suitable for anyone because it has a greater
complexity than other roofs. Recruitment of specialized roofers and professional labor is recommended. The guide of an architect is
fundamental to make calculations and measurements of size,
inclination, composition and structure. It must begin with the
construction of four water beams and a main beam. If the roof is at
the top of a square design, a main beam is not necessary as all sides
will be joined at one point at the top. At the top of a rectangle
there will be a main beam going parallel to the two larger sides. The
shape and size of the desired roof sections should be printed on
paper before beginning construction.